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Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension or reinstatement of an existing renova cream price collection of information, and to allow a second opportunity for public comment on the notice. Interested persons are invited to send comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including the necessity and utility of the proposed information collection for the proper performance of the agency's functions, the accuracy of the estimated burden, ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected, and the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to minimize the information collection burden. Comments on the collection(s) of information must be received by the OMB desk officer by July 19, 2021.

Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection should be sent within 30 days of publication of this notice to renova cream price www.reginfo.gov/​public/​do/​PRAMain. Find this particular information collection by selecting “Currently under 30-day Review—Open for Public Comments” or by using the search function. To obtain copies of a supporting statement and any related forms for the proposed collection(s) summarized in this notice, you may make your request using one of following.

1. Access CMS' website address at. Https://www.cms.gov/​Regulations-and-Guidance/​Legislation/​PaperworkReductionActof1995/​PRA-Listing.html Start Further Info William Parham at (410) 786-4669.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), federal agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. The term “collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C.

3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes agency requests or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires federal agencies to publish a 30-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension or reinstatement of an existing collection of information, before submitting the collection to OMB for approval.

To comply with this requirement, CMS is publishing this notice that summarizes the following proposed collection(s) of information for public comment. 1. Type of Information Collection Request.

Revision of a currently approved collection. Title of Information Collection. Medicare Advantage Chronic Care Improvement Program (CCIP) Attestations.

Use. Section 1852(e) of the Social Security Act (the Act) requires that Medicare Advantage (MA) organizations (MAOs) have an ongoing Quality Improvement (QI) Program. CMS regulations at 42 CFR 422.152(a) outline the QI Program requirements for MAOs, which include the development and implementation of a Chronic Care Improvement Program (CCIP) that meets the requirements of 422.152(c) for each contract.

MAOs must use the Health Plan Management System (HPMS) to report the status of their CCIP to CMS by December 31 annually. Submissions include an attestation by the MAO regarding its compliance with the ongoing CCIP requirement (42 CFR 422.152(c)(2)). MAOs are only required to attest electronically that they are complying with the ongoing CCIP requirement.

In addition, MAOs should assess and internally document activities related to the CCIP on an ongoing basis, as well as modify interventions and/or processes as necessary. A less frequent collection would not allow CMS to ensure that annual requirements are being met. This collection allows CMS to ensure that annual requirements are still being met, while also reducing plan burden.

Form Number. CMS-10209 (OMB Control number. 0938-1023).

Private Sector—Business or other for-profits. Number of Respondents. 645.

Total Annual Responses. 645. Total Annual Hours.

161. (For policy questions regarding this collection contact Lynn Pereira at 410-786-2274) 2. Type of Information Collection Request.

Extension of a currently approved collection. Title of Information Collection. National Implementation of Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS).

Use. The HCAHPS (Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems) Survey is the first national, standardized, publicly reported survey of patients' perspectives of their hospital care. HCAHPS is a 29-item survey instrument and data collection Start Printed Page 32269methodology for measuring patients' perceptions of their hospital experience.

Since 2008, HCAHPS has allowed valid comparisons to be made across hospitals locally, regionally and nationally. The national implementation of HCAHPS is designed to allow third-party CMS-approved survey vendors to administer HCAHPS using mail-only, telephone-only, mixed-mode (mail with telephone follow-up), or active IVR (interactive voice response). With respect to a telephone-only or mixed-mode survey, the CMS-approved survey vendors use electronic data collection or CATI systems.

CATI is also used for telephone follow-up with mail survey non-respondents. With respect to IVR survey administration, the IVR technology gathers information from respondents by prompting respondents to answer questions by pushing the numbers on a touch-tone telephone. Patients selected for IVR mode are able to opt out of the interactive voice response system and return to a “live” interviewer if they wish to do so.

Form Number. CMS-10102 (OMB control number. 0938-0981).

Individuals and Households. Number of Respondents. 2,843,617.

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Indian context bmw renova occasions Cost of symbicort in australia. Indian J Psychiatry 2021;63:211Grief is a normal response to loss and bereavement. Human beings are aware of the concept of death and permanence of loss leading to grief and bereavement.

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Grief which is unmanaged can lead to serious health reactions like increased cardiovascular mortality bmw renova occasions (broken heart) and psychiatric disorders like depression and suicide.skin care products as an epidemic has brought grief and bereavement to the doorstep of each and every person. Constantly hearing, seeing about death, and losing friends and family has brought enormous strain to people's lives. Death rituals have a therapeutic function wherein they allow a family and a group to mourn in a ritualistic way.

This allows people to share grief and keep the deceased as focus bmw renova occasions of attention for a fixed time and then to move on with life. Sometimes, this process is hampered by what Kenneth Doka called “disenfranchised grief” in 1989 and defined it “as a process in which loss is felt as not being openly acknowledged, socially validated or publicly mourned.”[1] Externally imposed disenfranchised grief leads to grief remaining unresolved and unaddressed, and the person feels that his right to grieve has been denied.skin care products has unexpectedly disturbed the process of death rituals as it leads to:Unexpected or sudden lossDepletion of emotional and coping resourcesLimitation in visiting and end of care supportNot able to perform last ritualsLack of social support due to skin care products restrictions.[2]The mechanical and impersonal process has led to severe psychological trauma in the survivors, particularly in the early phase of the disease when the knowledge was less and health-care workers were burdened and under cover of personal protective equipment, communication was difficult. Realizing this, the Indian Council of Medical Research has come out with guidelines for health-care workers to deal with death and guide family members.

However, persistence of grief reaction remains a problem, and due to lack of social support due to skin care products, people are increasingly relying on professionals to take care of their grief reactions.In India, the bmw renova occasions sharing of grief is very important. People try to reach the grieving family. So, what should be the model of care for these people?.

We should try to increase the sharing of grief and the handling of the person should be allowed to take placeThe physical support and the economical support have to be arranged, particularly where both parents have diedThere are some common modes like “condolence meetings” or “smaran sabha” which should be attended by both family members and colleagues.skin care products has brought an unprecedented amount of grief, and it is our duty to manage grief with innovative solutions to prevent the emergence of prolonged grief bmw renova occasions reaction, depression, and suicide. References 1.Doka KJ, editor. Disenfranchised Grief.

New Directions, Challenges, and bmw renova occasions Strategies for Practice. Champaign, IL. Research Press.

2002. 2.Albuquerque S, Teixeira AM, Rocha JC. skin care products and Disenfranchised Grief.

Front Psychiatry 2021;12:638874. Correspondence Address:Om Prakash SinghDepartment of Psychiatry, WBMES, Kolkata, West Bengal. AMRI Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal IndiaSource of Support.

None, Conflict of Interest. NoneDOI. 10.4103/indianjpsychiatry.indianjpsychiatry_489_21How to cite this article:Parthasarathy R, Channaveerachari NK, Manjunatha N, Sadh K, Kalaivanan RC, Gowda GS, Basvaraju V, Harihara SN, Rao GN, Math SB, Thirthalli J.

Mental health care in Karnataka. Moving beyond the Bellary model of District Mental Health Program. Indian J Psychiatry 2021;63:212-4How to cite this URL:Parthasarathy R, Channaveerachari NK, Manjunatha N, Sadh K, Kalaivanan RC, Gowda GS, Basvaraju V, Harihara SN, Rao GN, Math SB, Thirthalli J.

Mental health care in Karnataka. Moving beyond the Bellary model of District Mental Health Program. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jul 27];63:212-4.

Available from. Https://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/text.asp?. 2021/63/3/212/318719Karnataka state has taken many strides forward with regard to the District Mental Health Program (DMHP) and is one of the few states to have dedicated DMHP psychiatrists as team leaders in all the districts.

Moreover, some of the recent developments have moved beyond the Bellary model and augur well for the nation. This article attempts to provide a summary of such developments in the state and discusses the future directions. Core Services DMHP in Karnataka offers (a) clinical services, including the outreach services (on a rotation basis), covering the primary health centers (PHCs), community health centers, and taluk hospitals.

(b) training of all the medical officers and other health professionals such as nurses and pharmacists of the district. (c) information, education, and communication (IEC) activities – posters, wall paintings in PHCs, IEC activities for schools, colleges, police personnel, judicial departments, elected representatives, faith healers, bus branding, radio talks, etc., In addition, sensitization of Anganwadi workers, accredited social health activists, auxiliary nurse midwives, police/prison staff, agriculture department/horticulture department/primary land development bank staff, village rehabilitation workers, staff of noncommunicable disease/revised National Tuberculosis Control Program, etc.. And (d) targeted interventions are being focused on life skills education and counseling in schools, college counseling services, workplace stress management, and suicide prevention services.

These initiatives have led to a phenomenal increase in patient footfalls to clinics [Figure 1] and >100,000 stakeholders are trained in various aspects of mental health (in the past 3 years).Figure 1. Chart showing the phenomenal increase in the number of footfalls covered over the past 3 yearsClick here to view Seamless Medication Availability The procurement has been streamlined. The state-level purchase is done by the Karnataka Drugs and Logistics Society, based on the indents collated from each of the districts, and then, sent to their respective district warehouses.

Individual indenters (taluk hospitals, community health centers, and primary health centers) then need to procure them from the district warehouses. The amount spent for the purpose has gone up drastically to INR 3 crores (30 million rupees) in the past financial year (2017–2018). However, further streamlining is possible in the sense that the delays can be further curtailed.

The Collaboration with the Karnataka State Wakf Board The WAKF board of Karnataka runs a “Darga” in south interior Karnataka. Thousands of persons with mental illnesses do come over here for religious cure. On a day of every week, the attendance crosses 10,000 footfalls.

Recently, the authorities have agreed to come up with an allopathic PHC inside the campus of the Darga. The idea is to have integrated and comprehensive care for patients without hurting their religious sentiments. Although such collaborative initiatives are spread across the country, this one is occurring at a larger scale with involvement of governmental agencies [Table 1].Table 1.

Details of the key developments and innovations in mental health care in IndiaClick here to view Research Initiatives Although excellent evidence-based studies have come out in community settings, actual involvement of government machinery in these kinds of initiatives is few and far. Their involvement is imperative for the evidence to become pragmatic and generalizable. Of course, by doing so, the methodological rigor compromises a bit.

NIMHANS and Government of Karnataka have been collaborating for such service-driven research initiatives for over a decade and a half. Community-based interventions are going on in three taluks – Thirthahalli, Turuvekere, and Jagaluru, wherein cohorts of severe mental disorders are being cared for. In addition, several research questions (of public health significance) are being answered.[6],[7] Exciting new initiatives are also underway.

Examining the magnitude of reduction of treatment gap by these community interventions, impact of care at doorsteps (CAD) services from the DMHP machinery, impact of technology-based mentoring program for DMHP staff, evaluation of the impact of tele-OCT, etc. Discussion and Future Directions All the above-mentioned activities in Karnataka take it beyond the Bellary model of DMHP. For example, the Memorandum of understanding (MOU) between NIMHANS and the state gives the flexibility and easy maneuverability for active collaboration.

Odisha is another state which has taken this path of MOU. This collaborative activity can be expanded pan India as there are several Centers of Excellence spread throughout India. Another aspect of the Karnataka story is collaborative research activity.

As described above, many activities going on across the state have the potential to inform public health policies. Karnataka has also been able to counter long-standing and well-known criticisms of DMHP/NMHP. For example, issues related to human resources, availability of medications, funding, mentoring and monitoring, and sustenance, etc., at least to an extent.

Of course, the state needs to do much more for mental health care. For example, compliance with Mental Health Care Act-2017. Handling unequal distribution of mental health human resources.

Rigorous involvement of local administration to tackle micro-level issues. Refining DMHP to suit special populations such as geriatric, children, and adolescents. And perinatal and upscaling urban DMHP, in areas such as Bengaluru Metropolitan City.

Another area for improvement is that the DMHP evaluation strategies should move beyond head counting and consider meaningful patient-related outcomes, including cost-effective analysis. Digital technology should further be exploited. The upcoming Karnataka Mental Healthcare Management System is a step in the right direction.[8] Finally, the DMHP should involve health and wellness centers to cater to the mental health needs, particularly for follow-up services, case detection, providing basic counseling, stress management, advocating lifestyle changes, relapse prevention strategies, and other preventive and promotive strategies.

References 1.Manjunatha N, Kumar CN, Chander KR, Sadh K, Gowda GS, Vinay B, et al. Taluk Mental Health Program. The new kid on the block?.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019;61:635-9. [PUBMED] [Full text] 2.Manjunatha N, Kumar CN, Math SB, Thirthalli J. Designing and implementing an innovative digitally driven primary care psychiatry program in India.

Indian J Psychiatry 2018;60:236-44. [PUBMED] [Full text] 3.Pahuja E, Santhosh KT, Fareeduzzafar, Manjunatha N, Kumar CK, Gupta R, et al. An impact of digitally-driven Primary Care Psychiatry Pr.

Indian J Psychiatry 2020;62 Suppl 1:S17. 4.Manjunatha N, Singh G. Manochaitanya.

Integrating mental health into primary health care. Lancet 2016;387:647-8. 5.Manjunatha N, Singh G, Chaturvedi SK.

Manochaitanya programme for better utilization of primary health centres. Indian J Med Res 2017;145:163-5. [PUBMED] [Full text] 6.Agarwal PP, Manjunatha N, Parthasarathy R, Kumar CN, Kelkar R, Math SB, et al.

A performance audit of first 30 months of Manochaitanya programme at secondary care level of Karnataka, India. Indian J Community Med 2019;44:222-4. [PUBMED] [Full text] 7.Kumar CN, Thirthalli J, Suresha KK, Arunachala U, Gangadhar BN.

Alcohol use disorders in patients with schizophrenia. Comparative study with general population controls. Addict Behav 2015;45:22-5.

8. Correspondence Address:Naveen Kumar ChannaveerachariDepartment of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka IndiaSource of Support. None, Conflict of Interest.

NoneDOI. 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_345_19 Figures [Figure 1] Tables [Table 1].

Consultant Psychiatrist, AMRI Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, IndiaClick here for correspondence address and email Date renova cream price of Submission11-Jun-2021Date of Decision11-Jun-2021Date of Acceptance11-Jun-2021Date of Web Publication17-Jun-2021 How to important link cite this article:Singh OP. Grief management in skin care products. Indian context. Indian J Psychiatry 2021;63:211Grief is a normal response renova cream price to loss and bereavement.

Human beings are aware of the concept of death and permanence of loss leading to grief and bereavement. It may be seen in some other species also. While there has been a neurobiological mechanism explaining grief, it primarily remains a sociocultural phenomenon affecting the brain and renova cream price the body. The perception of death followed by the gradual “sinking in” of its consequences leads to psychobiological reaction.

Grief which is unmanaged can lead to serious health reactions like increased cardiovascular mortality (broken heart) and psychiatric disorders like depression and suicide.skin care products as an epidemic has brought grief and bereavement to the doorstep of each and every person. Constantly hearing, seeing about death, and losing friends and family has brought enormous strain renova cream price to people's lives. Death rituals have a therapeutic function wherein they allow a family and a group to mourn in a ritualistic way. This allows people to share grief and keep the deceased as focus of attention for a fixed time and then to move on with life.

Sometimes, this process is hampered by what Kenneth Doka called “disenfranchised grief” in 1989 and defined it “as a process in which loss is felt as not being openly acknowledged, socially validated or publicly mourned.”[1] Externally imposed disenfranchised grief leads to grief remaining unresolved and unaddressed, and the person feels that his right renova cream price to grieve has been denied.skin care products has unexpectedly disturbed the process of death rituals as it leads to:Unexpected or sudden lossDepletion of emotional and coping resourcesLimitation in visiting and end of care supportNot able to perform last ritualsLack of social support due to skin care products restrictions.[2]The mechanical and impersonal process has led to severe psychological trauma in the survivors, particularly in the early phase of the disease when the knowledge was less and health-care workers were burdened and under cover of personal protective equipment, communication was difficult. Realizing this, the Indian Council of Medical Research has come out with guidelines for health-care workers to deal with death and guide family members. However, persistence of grief reaction remains a problem, and due to lack of social support due to skin care products, people are increasingly relying on professionals to take care of their grief reactions.In India, the sharing of grief is very important. People try to reach the renova cream price grieving family.

So, what should be the model of care for these people?. We should try to increase the sharing of grief and the handling of the person should be allowed to take placeThe physical support and the economical support have to be arranged, particularly where both parents have diedThere are some common modes like “condolence meetings” or “smaran sabha” which should be attended by both family members and colleagues.skin care products has brought an unprecedented amount of grief, and it is our duty to manage grief with innovative solutions to prevent the emergence of prolonged grief reaction, depression, and suicide. References 1.Doka renova cream price KJ, editor. Disenfranchised Grief.

New Directions, Challenges, and Strategies for Practice. Champaign, IL renova cream price. Research Press. 2002.

2.Albuquerque S, Teixeira AM, Rocha renova cream price JC. skin care products and Disenfranchised Grief. Front Psychiatry 2021;12:638874. Correspondence Address:Om Prakash SinghDepartment of Psychiatry, WBMES, Kolkata, renova cream price West Bengal.

AMRI Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal IndiaSource of Support. None, Conflict of Interest. NoneDOI. 10.4103/indianjpsychiatry.indianjpsychiatry_489_21How to cite this article:Parthasarathy R, Channaveerachari NK, Manjunatha N, Sadh K, Kalaivanan RC, Gowda GS, Basvaraju V, Harihara SN, Rao GN, Math SB, Thirthalli J.

Mental health care in Karnataka. Moving beyond the Bellary model of District Mental Health Program. Indian J Psychiatry 2021;63:212-4How to cite this URL:Parthasarathy R, Channaveerachari NK, Manjunatha N, Sadh K, Kalaivanan RC, Gowda GS, Basvaraju V, Harihara SN, Rao GN, Math SB, Thirthalli J. Mental health care in Karnataka.

Moving beyond the Bellary model of District Mental Health Program. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jul 27];63:212-4. Available from. Https://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/text.asp?.

2021/63/3/212/318719Karnataka state has taken many strides forward with regard to the District Mental Health Program (DMHP) and is one of the few states to have dedicated DMHP psychiatrists as team leaders in all the districts. Moreover, some of the recent developments have moved beyond the Bellary model and augur well for the nation. This article attempts to provide a summary of such developments in the state and discusses the future directions. Core Services DMHP in Karnataka offers (a) clinical services, including the outreach services (on a rotation basis), covering the primary health centers (PHCs), community health centers, and taluk hospitals.

(b) training of all the medical officers and other health professionals such as nurses and pharmacists of the district. (c) information, education, and communication (IEC) activities – posters, wall paintings in PHCs, IEC activities for schools, colleges, police personnel, judicial departments, elected representatives, faith healers, bus branding, radio talks, etc., In addition, sensitization of Anganwadi workers, accredited social health activists, auxiliary nurse midwives, police/prison staff, agriculture department/horticulture department/primary land development bank staff, village rehabilitation workers, staff of noncommunicable disease/revised National Tuberculosis Control Program, etc.. And (d) targeted interventions are being focused on life skills education and counseling in schools, college counseling services, workplace stress management, and suicide prevention services. These initiatives have led to a phenomenal increase in patient footfalls to clinics [Figure 1] and >100,000 stakeholders are trained in various aspects of mental health (in the past 3 years).Figure 1.

Chart showing the phenomenal increase in the number of footfalls covered over the past 3 yearsClick here to view Seamless Medication Availability The procurement has been streamlined. The state-level purchase is done by the Karnataka Drugs and Logistics Society, based on the indents collated from each of the districts, and then, sent to their respective district warehouses. Individual indenters (taluk hospitals, community health centers, and primary health centers) then need to procure them from the district warehouses. The amount spent for the purpose has gone up drastically to INR 3 crores (30 million rupees) in the past financial year (2017–2018).

However, further streamlining is possible in the sense that the delays can be further curtailed. The Collaboration with the Karnataka State Wakf Board The WAKF board of Karnataka runs a “Darga” in south interior Karnataka. Thousands of persons with mental illnesses do come over here for religious cure. On a day of every week, the attendance crosses 10,000 footfalls.

Recently, the authorities have agreed to come up with an allopathic PHC inside the campus of the Darga. The idea is to have integrated and comprehensive care for patients without hurting their religious sentiments. Although such collaborative initiatives are spread across the country, this one is occurring at a larger scale with involvement of governmental agencies [Table 1].Table 1. Details of the key developments and innovations in mental health care in IndiaClick here to view Research Initiatives Although excellent evidence-based studies have come out in community settings, actual involvement of government machinery in these kinds of initiatives is few and far.

Their involvement is imperative for the evidence to become pragmatic and generalizable. Of course, by doing so, the methodological rigor compromises a bit. NIMHANS and Government of Karnataka have been collaborating for such service-driven research initiatives for over a decade and a half. Community-based interventions are going on in three taluks – Thirthahalli, Turuvekere, and Jagaluru, wherein cohorts of severe mental disorders are being cared for.

In addition, several research questions (of public health significance) are being answered.[6],[7] Exciting new initiatives are also underway. Examining the magnitude of reduction of treatment gap by these community interventions, impact of care at doorsteps (CAD) services from the DMHP machinery, impact of technology-based mentoring program for DMHP staff, evaluation of the impact of tele-OCT, etc. Discussion and Future Directions All the above-mentioned activities in Karnataka take it beyond the Bellary model of DMHP. For example, the Memorandum of understanding (MOU) between NIMHANS and the state gives the flexibility and easy maneuverability for active collaboration.

Odisha is another state which has taken this path of MOU. This collaborative activity can be expanded pan India as there are several Centers of Excellence spread throughout India. Another aspect of the Karnataka story is collaborative research activity. As described above, many activities going on across the state have the potential to inform public health policies.

Karnataka has also been able to counter long-standing and well-known criticisms of DMHP/NMHP. For example, issues related to human resources, availability of medications, funding, mentoring and monitoring, and sustenance, etc., at least to an extent. Of course, the state needs to do much more for mental health care. For example, compliance with Mental Health Care Act-2017.

Handling unequal distribution of mental health human resources. Rigorous involvement of local administration to tackle micro-level issues. Refining DMHP to suit special populations such as geriatric, children, and adolescents. And perinatal and upscaling urban DMHP, in areas such as Bengaluru Metropolitan City.

Another area for improvement is that the DMHP evaluation strategies should move beyond head counting and consider meaningful patient-related outcomes, including cost-effective analysis. Digital technology should further be exploited. The upcoming Karnataka Mental Healthcare Management System is a step in the right direction.[8] Finally, the DMHP should involve health and wellness centers to cater to the mental health needs, particularly for follow-up services, case detection, providing basic counseling, stress management, advocating lifestyle changes, relapse prevention strategies, and other preventive and promotive strategies. References 1.Manjunatha N, Kumar CN, Chander KR, Sadh K, Gowda GS, Vinay B, et al.

Taluk Mental Health Program. The new kid on the block?. Indian J Psychiatry 2019;61:635-9. [PUBMED] [Full text] 2.Manjunatha N, Kumar CN, Math SB, Thirthalli J.

Designing and implementing an innovative digitally driven primary care psychiatry program in India. Indian J Psychiatry 2018;60:236-44. [PUBMED] [Full text] 3.Pahuja E, Santhosh KT, Fareeduzzafar, Manjunatha N, Kumar CK, Gupta R, et al. An impact of digitally-driven Primary Care Psychiatry Pr.

Indian J Psychiatry 2020;62 Suppl 1:S17. 4.Manjunatha N, Singh G. Manochaitanya. Integrating mental health into primary health care.

Lancet 2016;387:647-8. 5.Manjunatha N, Singh G, Chaturvedi SK. Manochaitanya programme for better utilization of primary health centres. Indian J Med Res 2017;145:163-5.

[PUBMED] [Full text] 6.Agarwal PP, Manjunatha N, Parthasarathy R, Kumar CN, Kelkar R, Math SB, et al. A performance audit of first 30 months of Manochaitanya programme at secondary care level of Karnataka, India. Indian J Community Med 2019;44:222-4. [PUBMED] [Full text] 7.Kumar CN, Thirthalli J, Suresha KK, Arunachala U, Gangadhar BN.

Alcohol use disorders in patients with schizophrenia. Comparative study with general population controls. Addict Behav 2015;45:22-5. 8.

Correspondence Address:Naveen Kumar ChannaveerachariDepartment of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka IndiaSource of Support. None, Conflict of Interest.

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Melissa Burggraf, R.N., Medical Outpatient renova price comparison Unit at MidMichigan Medical Center - Clare, receiving first skin care products treatment.Today marked a milestone, a new chapter of hope, when renova day spa the skin care products treatment was delivered to MidMichigan Medical Center – Clare. The treatment was transported to Clare earlier today by members of MidMichigan Health’s vaccination team renova day spa. The Clare treatments were 18 of 2,925 doses of the Pfizer treatment that were received renova day spa at MidMichigan Medical Center – Midland by UPS truck on Wednesday morning.The first Clare team member to receive the treatment was Melissa Burggraf, R.N., Medical Outpatient Unit, MidMichigan Medical Center – Clare. A resident of Shepherd, Burggraf stated, “Getting this treatment makes me hopeful. So many people and businesses have been suffering renova day spa since the very beginning of this renova.

I think there may be a light at the end of the tunnel.”Following Burggraf’s vaccination, additional employees and providers received renova day spa the treatment. Today’s clinic renova day spa was just one of several begin held at MidMichigan’s Medical Center locations in Alpena, Gladwin, Gratiot, Midland, Mt. Pleasant and West Branch. Those first receiving the treatment will include employees from the Emergency renova day spa Departments, ICU, EMS, medical and skin care products floors. In the coming weeks additional employee groups will be vaccinated based on the health system’s prioritization process.“Our biggest goal with the treatment is to encourage as many people to receive the treatment so that we can help to end this renova,” said Lydia Watson, M.D., chief medical officer and senior vice president, MidMichigan renova day spa Health.

€œWe believe in the treatment and the science behind it renova day spa. We encourage our communities to educate themselves about linked here the treatment and how it will help us to fight skin care products. We recommend getting the treatment when it is renova day spa offered to you.”Those interested in learning more about the skin care products treatment may visit www.midmichigan.org/skin care productstreatment.The first Gladwin team member to receive the treatment was Judy Evans, R.N., resource nurse pool, MidMichigan Health.Today marked a milestone, a new chapter of hope, when the skin care products treatment was delivered to MidMichigan Medical Center – Gladwin. The treatment was transported to the Gladwin this morning by members of MidMichigan Health’s vaccination renova day spa team clinic in Midland. The Gladwin treatments were 30 of 2,925 doses of the Pfizer treatment renova day spa that were received at MidMichigan Medical Center – Midland by UPS truck on Wednesday morning.The first Gladwin team member to receive the treatment was Judy Evans, R.N., resource nurse pool, MidMichigan Health.

A resident of Harrison, Evans stated, “I’m excited to be on my journey to help start the end of skin care products.”Following Evan’s vaccination, additional employees and providers received the treatment. Today’s clinic was just one of several begin renova day spa held at MidMichigan’s Medical Center locations in Alpena, Clare, Gratiot, Midland, Mt. Pleasant and West renova day spa Branch. Those first receiving the treatment will include employees from the Emergency Departments, ICU, EMS, medical and renova day spa skin care products floors. In the coming weeks additional employee groups will be vaccinated based on the health system’s prioritization process.“Our biggest goal with the treatment is to encourage as many people to receive the treatment so that we can help to end this renova,” said Lydia Watson, M.D., chief medical officer and senior vice president, MidMichigan Health.

€œWe believe in the treatment and the renova day spa science behind it. We encourage our communities to educate themselves about the treatment renova day spa and how it will help us to fight skin care products. We recommend getting the treatment when it is offered to you.”Those interested in learning more about the skin care products treatment may visit www.midmichigan.org/skin care productstreatment..

Melissa Burggraf, R.N., Medical Outpatient Unit at MidMichigan Medical Center who can buy renova - Clare, receiving first skin care products renova cream price treatment.Today marked a milestone, a new chapter of hope, when the skin care products treatment was delivered to MidMichigan Medical Center – Clare. The treatment was transported to Clare earlier today by members of renova cream price MidMichigan Health’s vaccination team. The Clare treatments were 18 of 2,925 doses of the Pfizer treatment that were received at MidMichigan Medical Center – Midland by UPS renova cream price truck on Wednesday morning.The first Clare team member to receive the treatment was Melissa Burggraf, R.N., Medical Outpatient Unit, MidMichigan Medical Center – Clare.

A resident of Shepherd, Burggraf stated, “Getting this treatment makes me hopeful. So many people and businesses have been suffering since the very beginning of renova cream price this renova. I think there may be a light at the renova cream price end of the tunnel.”Following Burggraf’s vaccination, additional employees and providers received the treatment.

Today’s clinic renova cream price was just one of several begin held at MidMichigan’s Medical Center locations in Alpena, Gladwin, Gratiot, Midland, Mt. Pleasant and West Branch. Those first renova cream price receiving the treatment will include employees from the Emergency Departments, ICU, EMS, medical and skin care products floors.

In the coming weeks additional employee groups will be vaccinated based on the health system’s prioritization process.“Our biggest renova cream price goal with the treatment is to encourage as many people to receive the treatment so that we can help to end this renova,” said Lydia Watson, M.D., chief medical officer and senior vice president, MidMichigan Health. €œWe believe renova cream price in the treatment and the science behind it. We encourage http://baker-estates.co.uk/property/halstead-road-eight-ash-green-colchester/ our communities to educate themselves about the treatment and how it will help us to fight skin care products.

We recommend getting the treatment when it is offered to you.”Those interested in learning renova cream price more about the skin care products treatment may visit www.midmichigan.org/skin care productstreatment.The first Gladwin team member to receive the treatment was Judy Evans, R.N., resource nurse pool, MidMichigan Health.Today marked a milestone, a new chapter of hope, when the skin care products treatment was delivered to MidMichigan Medical Center – Gladwin. The treatment renova cream price was transported to the Gladwin this morning by members of MidMichigan Health’s vaccination team clinic in Midland. The Gladwin treatments were renova cream price 30 of 2,925 doses of the Pfizer treatment that were received at MidMichigan Medical Center – Midland by UPS truck on Wednesday morning.The first Gladwin team member to receive the treatment was Judy Evans, R.N., resource nurse pool, MidMichigan Health.

A resident of Harrison, Evans stated, “I’m excited to be on my journey to help start the end of skin care products.”Following Evan’s vaccination, additional employees and providers received the treatment. Today’s clinic was just one renova cream price of several begin held at MidMichigan’s Medical Center locations in Alpena, Clare, Gratiot, Midland, Mt. Pleasant and renova cream price West Branch.

Those first receiving the treatment will include employees from the Emergency Departments, ICU, EMS, medical and renova cream price skin care products floors. In the coming weeks additional employee groups will be vaccinated based on the health system’s prioritization process.“Our biggest goal with the treatment is to encourage as many people to receive the treatment so that we can help to end this renova,” said Lydia Watson, M.D., chief medical officer and senior vice president, MidMichigan Health. €œWe believe in the treatment renova cream price and the science behind it.

We encourage our communities to renova cream price educate themselves about the treatment and how it will help us to fight skin care products. We recommend getting the treatment when it is offered to you.”Those interested in learning more about the skin care products treatment may visit www.midmichigan.org/skin care productstreatment..

Renova putz

NCHS Data renova putz https://myemmotion.com/career-tips/time-to-let-employees-work-from-home-the-future-of-teleworking/ Brief No. 286, September 2017PDF Versionpdf icon (374 KB)Anjel Vahratian, Ph.D.Key findingsData from the National Health Interview Survey, 2015Among those aged 40–59, perimenopausal women (56.0%) were more likely than postmenopausal (40.5%) and premenopausal (32.5%) women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.Postmenopausal women aged 40–59 were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40–59 to have trouble falling asleep (27.1% compared with 16.8%, respectively), and staying asleep (35.9% compared with 23.7%), four times or more in the past week.Postmenopausal women aged 40–59 (55.1%) were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40–59 (47.0%) to not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week.Sleep duration and quality are important contributors to health and wellness. Insufficient sleep is associated with an increased risk for chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease renova putz (1) and diabetes (2).

Women may be particularly vulnerable to sleep problems during times of reproductive hormonal change, such as after the menopausal transition. Menopause is “the permanent cessation of menstruation that occurs after the loss of ovarian activity” (3) renova putz. This data brief describes sleep duration and sleep quality among nonpregnant women aged 40–59 by menopausal status.

The age range selected for this analysis reflects the focus on midlife sleep health. In this analysis, 74.2% of women are premenopausal, 3.7% are perimenopausal, and 22.1% are renova putz postmenopausal. Keywords.

Insufficient sleep, menopause, National Health Interview Survey Perimenopausal women were more likely than premenopausal and postmenopausal women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.More than one in three nonpregnant women aged 40–59 slept less than 7 hours, on average, in renova putz a 24-hour period (35.1%) (Figure 1). Perimenopausal women were most likely to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period (56.0%), compared with 32.5% of premenopausal and 40.5% of postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.

Figure 1 renova putz. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who slept less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period, by menopausal status. United States, renova putz 2015image icon1Significant quadratic trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year renova putz ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table renova putz for Figure 1pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.Nearly one in five nonpregnant women aged 40–59 had trouble renova putz falling asleep four times or more in the past week (19.4%) (Figure 2). The percentage of women in this age group who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week increased from 16.8% among premenopausal women to 24.7% among perimenopausal and 27.1% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to have trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week.

Figure 2 renova putz. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear renova putz trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 renova putz year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data renova putz table for Figure 2pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.More than one in four nonpregnant women aged 40–59 had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week (26.7%) renova putz (Figure 3). The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week increased from 23.7% among premenopausal, to 30.8% among perimenopausal, and to 35.9% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to have trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week.

Figure 3 renova putz. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear trend renova putz by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle renova putz and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data renova putz table for Figure 3pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.Nearly one in two nonpregnant women aged 40–59 did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week (48.9%) (Figure 4). The percentage of women in this age group who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 renova putz days or more in the past week increased from 47.0% among premenopausal women to 49.9% among perimenopausal and 55.1% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week.

Figure 4 renova putz. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table for Figure 4pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

SummaryThis report describes sleep duration and sleep quality among U.S. Nonpregnant women aged 40–59 by menopausal status. Perimenopausal women were most likely to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period compared with premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

In contrast, postmenopausal women were most likely to have poor-quality sleep. A greater percentage of postmenopausal women had frequent trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, and not waking well rested compared with premenopausal women. The percentage of perimenopausal women with poor-quality sleep was between the percentages for the other two groups in all three categories.

Sleep duration changes with advancing age (4), but sleep duration and quality are also influenced by concurrent changes in women’s reproductive hormone levels (5). Because sleep is critical for optimal health and well-being (6), the findings in this report highlight areas for further research and targeted health promotion. DefinitionsMenopausal status.

A three-level categorical variable was created from a series of questions that asked women. 1) “How old were you when your periods or menstrual cycles started?. €.

2) “Do you still have periods or menstrual cycles?. €. 3) “When did you have your last period or menstrual cycle?.

€. And 4) “Have you ever had both ovaries removed, either as part of a hysterectomy or as one or more separate surgeries?. € Women were postmenopausal if they a) had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or b) were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries.

Women were perimenopausal if they a) no longer had a menstrual cycle and b) their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less. Premenopausal women still had a menstrual cycle.Not waking feeling well rested. Determined by respondents who answered 3 days or less on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, on how many days did you wake up feeling well rested?.

€Short sleep duration. Determined by respondents who answered 6 hours or less on the questionnaire item asking, “On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period?. €Trouble falling asleep.

Determined by respondents who answered four times or more on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, how many times did you have trouble falling asleep?. €Trouble staying asleep. Determined by respondents who answered four times or more on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, how many times did you have trouble staying asleep?.

€ Data source and methodsData from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used for this analysis. NHIS is a multipurpose health survey conducted continuously throughout the year by the National Center for Health Statistics. Interviews are conducted in person in respondents’ homes, but follow-ups to complete interviews may be conducted over the telephone.

Data for this analysis came from the Sample Adult core and cancer supplement sections of the 2015 NHIS. For more information about NHIS, including the questionnaire, visit the NHIS website.All analyses used weights to produce national estimates. Estimates on sleep duration and quality in this report are nationally representative of the civilian, noninstitutionalized nonpregnant female population aged 40–59 living in households across the United States.

The sample design is described in more detail elsewhere (7). Point estimates and their estimated variances were calculated using SUDAAN software (8) to account for the complex sample design of NHIS. Linear and quadratic trend tests of the estimated proportions across menopausal status were tested in SUDAAN via PROC DESCRIPT using the POLY option.

Differences between percentages were evaluated using two-sided significance tests at the 0.05 level. About the authorAnjel Vahratian is with the National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Interview Statistics. The author gratefully acknowledges the assistance of Lindsey Black in the preparation of this report.

ReferencesFord ES. Habitual sleep duration and predicted 10-year cardiovascular risk using the pooled cohort risk equations among US adults. J Am Heart Assoc 3(6):e001454.

2014.Ford ES, Wheaton AG, Chapman DP, Li C, Perry GS, Croft JB. Associations between self-reported sleep duration and sleeping disorder with concentrations of fasting and 2-h glucose, insulin, and glycosylated hemoglobin among adults without diagnosed diabetes. J Diabetes 6(4):338–50.

2014.American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 141.

Management of menopausal symptoms. Obstet Gynecol 123(1):202–16. 2014.Black LI, Nugent CN, Adams PF.

Tables of adult health behaviors, sleep. National Health Interview Survey, 2011–2014pdf icon. 2016.Santoro N.

Perimenopause. From research to practice. J Women’s Health (Larchmt) 25(4):332–9.

2016.Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, et al. Recommended amount of sleep for a healthy adult. A joint consensus statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society.

J Clin Sleep Med 11(6):591–2. 2015.Parsons VL, Moriarity C, Jonas K, et al. Design and estimation for the National Health Interview Survey, 2006–2015.

National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(165). 2014.RTI International.

SUDAAN (Release 11.0.0) [computer software]. 2012. Suggested citationVahratian A.

Sleep duration and quality among women aged 40–59, by menopausal status. NCHS data brief, no 286. Hyattsville, MD.

National Center for Health Statistics. 2017.Copyright informationAll material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated.National Center for Health StatisticsCharles J.

Rothwell, M.S., M.B.A., DirectorJennifer H. Madans, Ph.D., Associate Director for ScienceDivision of Health Interview StatisticsMarcie L. Cynamon, DirectorStephen J.

Blumberg, Ph.D., Associate Director for Science.

NCHS Data renova cream price Brief No. 286, September 2017PDF Versionpdf icon (374 KB)Anjel Vahratian, Ph.D.Key findingsData from the National Health Interview Survey, 2015Among those aged 40–59, perimenopausal women (56.0%) were more likely than postmenopausal (40.5%) and premenopausal (32.5%) women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.Postmenopausal women aged 40–59 were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40–59 to have trouble falling asleep (27.1% compared with 16.8%, respectively), and staying asleep (35.9% compared with 23.7%), four times or more in the past week.Postmenopausal women aged 40–59 (55.1%) were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40–59 (47.0%) to not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week.Sleep duration and quality are important contributors to health and wellness. Insufficient sleep renova cream price is associated with an increased risk for chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease (1) and diabetes (2).

Women may be particularly vulnerable to sleep problems during times of reproductive hormonal change, such as after the menopausal transition. Menopause is “the permanent cessation of menstruation that occurs after the loss renova cream price of ovarian activity” (3). This data brief describes sleep duration and sleep quality among nonpregnant women aged 40–59 by menopausal status.

The age range selected for this analysis reflects the focus on midlife sleep health. In this analysis, 74.2% of women are premenopausal, 3.7% are perimenopausal, renova cream price and 22.1% are postmenopausal. Keywords.

Insufficient sleep, menopause, National Health Interview Survey Perimenopausal women were more likely than renova cream price premenopausal and postmenopausal women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.More than one in three nonpregnant women aged 40–59 slept less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period (35.1%) (Figure 1). Perimenopausal women were most likely to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period (56.0%), compared with 32.5% of premenopausal and 40.5% of postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.

Figure 1 renova cream price. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who slept less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant quadratic trend by menopausal status (p < renova cream price.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year renova cream price ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data renova cream price table for Figure 1pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.Nearly one in five nonpregnant women aged 40–59 had trouble falling asleep renova cream price four times or more in the past week (19.4%) (Figure 2). The percentage of women in this age group who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week increased from 16.8% among premenopausal women to 24.7% among perimenopausal and 27.1% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to have trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week.

Figure 2 renova cream price. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear trend by menopausal status renova cream price (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago renova cream price or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table renova cream price for Figure 2pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week varied by menopausal renova cream price status.More than one in four nonpregnant women aged 40–59 had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week (26.7%) (Figure 3). The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week increased from 23.7% among premenopausal, to 30.8% among perimenopausal, and to 35.9% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to have trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week.

Figure 3 renova cream price. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image renova cream price icon1Significant linear trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if renova cream price they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data renova cream price table for Figure 3pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.Nearly one in two nonpregnant women aged 40–59 did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week (48.9%) (Figure 4). The percentage of women in this age group who did not wake up feeling well renova cream price rested 4 days or more in the past week increased from 47.0% among premenopausal women to 49.9% among perimenopausal and 55.1% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week.

Figure 4 renova cream price. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table for Figure 4pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

SummaryThis report describes sleep duration and sleep quality among U.S. Nonpregnant women aged 40–59 by menopausal status. Perimenopausal women were most likely to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period compared with premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

In contrast, postmenopausal women were most likely to have poor-quality sleep. A greater percentage of postmenopausal women had frequent trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, and not waking well rested compared with premenopausal women. The percentage of perimenopausal women with poor-quality sleep was between the percentages for the other two groups in all three categories.

Sleep duration changes with advancing age (4), but sleep duration and quality are also influenced by concurrent changes in women’s reproductive hormone levels (5). Because sleep is critical for optimal health and well-being (6), the findings in this report highlight areas for further research and targeted health promotion. DefinitionsMenopausal status.

A three-level categorical variable was created from a series of questions that asked women. 1) “How old were you when your periods or menstrual cycles started?. €.

2) “Do you still have periods or menstrual cycles?. €. 3) “When did you have your last period or menstrual cycle?.

€. And 4) “Have you ever had both ovaries removed, either as part of a hysterectomy or as one or more separate surgeries?. € Women were postmenopausal if they a) had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or b) were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries.

Women were perimenopausal if they a) no longer had a menstrual cycle and b) their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less. Premenopausal women still had a menstrual cycle.Not waking feeling well rested. Determined by respondents who answered 3 days or less on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, on how many days did you wake up feeling well rested?.

€Short sleep duration. Determined by respondents who answered 6 hours or less on the questionnaire item asking, “On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period?. €Trouble falling asleep.

Determined by respondents who answered four times or more on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, how many times did you have trouble falling asleep?. €Trouble staying asleep. Determined by respondents who answered four times or more on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, how many times did you have trouble staying asleep?.

€ Data source and methodsData from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used for this analysis. NHIS is a multipurpose health survey conducted continuously throughout the year by the National Center for Health Statistics. Interviews are conducted in person in respondents’ homes, but follow-ups to complete interviews may be conducted over the telephone.

Data for this analysis came from the Sample Adult core and cancer supplement sections of the 2015 NHIS. For more information about NHIS, including the questionnaire, visit the NHIS website.All analyses used weights to produce national estimates. Estimates on sleep duration and quality in this report are nationally representative of the civilian, noninstitutionalized nonpregnant female population aged 40–59 living in households across the United States.

The sample design is described in more detail elsewhere (7). Point estimates and their estimated variances were calculated using SUDAAN software (8) to account for the complex sample design of NHIS. Linear and quadratic trend tests of the estimated proportions across menopausal status were tested in SUDAAN via PROC DESCRIPT using the POLY option.

Differences between percentages were evaluated using two-sided significance tests at the 0.05 level. About the authorAnjel Vahratian is with the National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Interview Statistics. The author gratefully acknowledges the assistance of Lindsey Black in the preparation of this report.

ReferencesFord ES. Habitual sleep duration and predicted 10-year cardiovascular risk using the pooled cohort risk equations among US adults. J Am Heart Assoc 3(6):e001454.

2014.Ford ES, Wheaton AG, Chapman DP, Li C, Perry GS, Croft JB. Associations between self-reported sleep duration and sleeping disorder with concentrations of fasting and 2-h glucose, insulin, and glycosylated hemoglobin among adults without diagnosed diabetes. J Diabetes 6(4):338–50.

2014.American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 141.

Management of menopausal symptoms. Obstet Gynecol 123(1):202–16. 2014.Black LI, Nugent CN, Adams PF.

Tables of adult health behaviors, sleep. National Health Interview Survey, 2011–2014pdf icon. 2016.Santoro N.

Perimenopause. From research to practice. J Women’s Health (Larchmt) 25(4):332–9.

2016.Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, et al. Recommended amount of sleep for a healthy adult. A joint consensus statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society.

J Clin Sleep Med 11(6):591–2. 2015.Parsons VL, Moriarity C, Jonas K, et al. Design and estimation for the National Health Interview Survey, 2006–2015.

National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(165). 2014.RTI International.

SUDAAN (Release 11.0.0) [computer software]. 2012. Suggested citationVahratian A.

Sleep duration and quality among women aged 40–59, by menopausal status. NCHS data brief, no 286. Hyattsville, MD.

National Center for Health Statistics. 2017.Copyright informationAll material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated.National Center for Health StatisticsCharles J.

Rothwell, M.S., M.B.A., DirectorJennifer H. Madans, Ph.D., Associate Director for ScienceDivision of Health Interview StatisticsMarcie L. Cynamon, DirectorStephen J.

Blumberg, Ph.D., Associate Director for Science.

Page updated: 01.06.2010 21:00